Thanks to technology and e-commerce, the world has become an interconnected web of materials and goods that need to move to and from different parts of the world.
Trucks are the most common method of transporting freight, and they require trailers to carry the goods.
There are a lot of different loads that need transportation; therefore, there are different trailers specialized for different loads.
1. Flatbed Trailers
These are one of the most commonly used types of trailers. These trailers are open on all sides and do not have a box to cover whatever is on them.
For that reason, they are versatile, and you can use them to transport anything, but mainly used for bulky things like poles, lumber, and steel coils.
It is not closed off on any side, making it easy for people to load and offload using either a crane or a forklift.
The flatbed trailer comes in different lengths, from 24- 48 inches, with the maximum legal width being 8.5 feet.
They are normally 60 inches from the ground and can carry a load of up to 8.5 feet long, with the maximum weight being 48,000 pounds.
Since there is no box to contain the cargo, they have to strap it in place using either lumber, steel, smoke, or glass-clear tarps.
2. Dry Vans
Also called enclosed trailers, these are another common type of trailers that are basically long boxes on wheels. You can use them to transport any type of cargo, but it has to be in a box.
Not only does the enclosure keep the goods safe, but it also protects them from extreme weather conditions and other environmental hazards. Carriers can also increase their carrying capacity by adding storage cabinets and shelves in the container.
These trailers are 48-53 feet long, with a weight limit of 42,000- 45,000 pounds. Loaders use a raised dock for easier and quicker loading and unloading.
3. Hopper Bottom Trailer
These are trailers that are pulled by semi-tractors, and people use them to transport bulk commodities. As explained by experts from Hale trailer, hopper bottom trailers are the best for transporting legumes, loose grain and nuts.
They also come in other styles that people can use to transport rocks and pebbles, soil, sand, and fertilizer. According to Hale Trailer, you can get a hopper bottom trailer for sale of any size that you can attach to any type of truck or tractor.
4. Refrigerated Trailers
Sometimes people want to transport things that must remain in cool temperatures like ice cream, frozen foods, and pharmaceuticals. They resemble dry vans but have better insulation and a cooling system on the inside.
They have a maximum legal height of 8 feet and a width of 8.2 feet, with the same weight regulation as the dry vans.
If you want to transport your cargo with a dry van but find it hard to load and unload, you can opt for the Conestoga trailer. These are typically flatbed trailers that have a rolling tarp-on-frame system.
The loaders load the tarp-on-frame system on the flatbed and roll it over to make it easy to load and unload from any side with a forklift or crane.
Trailers are a big investment. Therefore, you need to understand which one will serve you best for the cargo you want to transport.